Exploration, Treks and Travels

HARISH KAPADIA began climbing and trekking in the range around Mumbai, the Western Ghats. His first visit to the Himalaya was almost 50 years ago. He has never looked back since, still trekking and climbing actively. His main contribution to Himalayan climbing has been to explore unknown areas and, in number of cases, to open up climbing possibilities. With detailed studies he has named several peaks and features in the Himalaya which have been officially accepted. His writings and books have recorded the explorations, climbs and legends for posterity.

Karakoram Pass

Karakoram Pass


The Eastern Karakoram is the formidable and unknown area north of Ladakh and Leh. It contains several large glaciers and formidable passes. From 1980 till 2009, Harish Kapadia has visited these areas 12 times, exploring different valleys.

The Siachen Glacier which is scene of conflict between India and Pakistan was visited three times. He was instrumental in exploring the Terong Glacier systems and climbed peaks on the North and South Terong glaciers. Team made the first ascent of Rimo III.

One of the few civilian parties to be allowed on this glacier under control of the army. He traversed the entire length of the glacier and reached Indira Col (Workman, 1912) and Turkestan La (Younghusband, 1888). He returned to the glacier several times by different routes and climbed in different valleys.

The Chong Kumdan glacier dam was known due to a glacial blockage caused at its mouth which generated devastating floods. His was the first expedition that explored the dam and the glacier. The team climbed several peaks on the glacier, including the highest of the group, Chong Kumdan I. Many side glaciers and valleys were explored. Other areas and peaks in the surrounding valleys like Aq Tash peak, Thangman Glacier and North Kumdan glaciers were thoroughly explored.

The Rimo Glaciers are huge and longest in the East Karakoram. Harish trekked to the historic Karakoram Pass twice, rare civilian party to stand there in last 50 years. He also explored the Central Rimo Glacier, which was not visited since expedition of Filippi de Filippi in 1913-14. They discovered lakes (Lake Filippi and Lake Dainelli) and recorded large number of unclimbed peaks.  He stood on “Col Italia” , only the second party to reach there.( Prof. G. Dainelli, was the only other person to have reached the Col, way back in 1929). The col was crossed by him in 2002 and the unique Teram Shehr Plateau was explored for the first time. The team made the first ascent of Padmanabh (7030 m).

Expeditions to the unknown Arganglas area in 2001, climbing peaks and visiting different unknown valleys in the region.

Spiti valley - Exploring Gya

Exploring Gya


The unknown Lingti Valley in eastern Spiti was explored by Harish in 1983 and 1987. By three different routes they entered and covered the entire length of the valley. The highest peak of Spiti, Gya (6794 m) was discovered by him and photographed for the first time. They reached Yangzi Diwan pass at the head of the Lingti valley. Several peaks on the high ridge of Gyagar were climbed, like Runse and Gyadung.

In the western valleys of Spiti, his was the only party (two members) to explore Khamengar valleys. They descended the Ratang Gorge which had only one visitor before them, Sir Peter Holmes in 1955.

Few passes were crossed in different trips, like Pin-Parvati pass, Tari Khango and Killung la.

On the Summit of Kinnaur II

On summit of Kunda peak in Rangrik valley.


The Rangrik Rang range, in the Charang area of Kinnaur, bordering Tibet was explored by him in 1994.

The highest peak of the range was climbed by his team. At different times, areas of Hansbeshan and Shaone Gad were explored. In several treks Buran ghati pass from Pabar valley, Charang Ghati and Manirang pass were crossed. Several trips covered Shaone gad, Lamea pass, Chanshil ghati and Hangrang pass.


Chamba Kailash

Himachal Pradesh – Chamba Kailash


Several visits were made to the lovely valleys of Himachal Pradesh, some long and some short treks. Bara Bangahl was visited and difficult Nikora pass was crossed. Treks were made in the Pangi valleys to cross Pimu pass, reached foot of Hansbeshan peak in winter, explored the Sorang valley, and trekked in the Sainj and Tirthan valleys. In several visits to the Dhaula Dhar range Mon pass, Jalsu pass and Sach pass were reached. Range was traversed and few small peaks were climbed.



Garhwal - Saraswati Col

Garhwal – Saraswati Col


In 1988 Harish and team traversed the Girthi Ganga gorge and crossed Unta Dhura pass to Milam. Gupta Khal on shoulder of Mana peak was reached.

Other new areas visited for explorations were Bhagirath Kharak Glacier and crossing of Shrak La (first to do so after Shipton-Tilman in 1934). Exploring of Arwa Valleys and photographing of Arwa Tower and Arwa Spire peaks, exploring of Trimukhi Parvat in the Jadh Ganga valley (the first visitor after J. B. Auden in 1931), and attempt on the Panpatia Glacier to discover the Col crossed by Shipton-Tilman in 1934.

Visits were made to the Valley of Flowers, Kangbhusandi tal and Obra valleys. Later several enjoyable treks were undertaken to forbidden Niti Pass and Bansi Narayan.

Kumaon - Nanda devi

Kumaun- Nanda Devi seen from summit of Devtoli


The Nanda Devi Sanctuary was visited by Harish first in 1970. One of the few early parties to visit and they climbed Bethartoli Himal South. Four members of his team died in a massive avalanche on the peak.

He returned to enter the inner Sanctuary in 1974 and climbed Devtoli where he suffered a major accident. Finally in 2001, as leader of the official IMF sponsored expedition he explored unknown corners in the Sanctuary to prepare a detailed Management Plan.

In 1982 Harish explored the upper Lasser Yankti and Darma Valley. Passes like Gangchal Dhura and Shin La were crossed in a pioneering effort.

During two expeditions then unknown valleys of the Kalabaland Glacier were explored and peak Chiring We at its head was climbed.

In the eastern Kumaun valleys, the Balati Glacier and the Pyunshani valleys were explored and peaks Panch Chuli II and V were climbed along with several smaller peaks.

Due to an accident on Pach Chuli V, major helicopter rescue was mounted to save Stephen Venables.

Sikkim Plateau

Pauhunri range on the Sikkim Plateau


His was one of the first Indian teams to explore the northern areas of Sikkim, north of Zemu Glacier like Lhonak Valley no sooner Sikkim was part of India. With one other member the entire North Sikkim area was covered, four passes crossed and all the peaks photographed for record.

In 2012 The Plateau, the rarely allowed area of North Sikkim was visited and the entire area photographed. Borum la a pass between Lachen and Lachung valleys was reached.

2015 Harish and his team went to Dzongu valley in West Sikkim. Reaching historic Tholung monastery they visited Thomrong and Kishong Lake.

Arunachal Pradesh

Crossing traditional bamboo bridge over Noa Dihing river.


The Northeast Indian Himalaya, known as Arunachal Pradesh (formerly as NEFA) are a most unknown part in the entire range. Since 2003 Harish Kapadia has made yearly trips to the different valleys of the state reaching high passes and opening new areas.

The first visit was to range near Tawang Tract. They reached the border pass of Bum La, near Tawang and also visited Zimithang-Khinzimane areas.

In a long trek they went over the ill-famed ‘Bailey Trail’ from Bomdila towards Pota and Tulung La, crossing Poshing La. F. M. Bailey and H. T. Morshead had used this trail in 1913 from Tibet to Assam and the Chinese troops attacked Indian army through this route in 1962. Only mountaineer to have crossed this pass was Bill Tilman in 1938.Harish Kapadia and party reconnoitred and photographed high peak on Kangto (7042 m) the only peak above 7000 m in the Indian Northeast Himalaya.

In 2004 he returned to Arunachal Pradesh further east in the Siang valley. For a century it was a matter of conjecture where and how the great Tsangpo river flows to become the Brahmaputra in Assam. It is exact entry point in the Indian territory was never visited from the south. This was achieved in 2004 by a small team led by Harish. They reached a high pass Guyor la, observed the rare views of Namcha Barwa and Gyala Peri peaks and finally reached the ‘S’ Bend by which the Tsangpo enters India and is called the Siang. This completed the great exploration which started in 1715.

S bend of Siang River

2005 in Arunachal was devoted to exploration of the ancient pilgrim route to Takpa Siri. It is a holy peak where people, both Tibetans and from Arunachal performed kora (circumambulations). This tradition stopped from 1960s due to conflict between India and China, with line drawn cutting across the route. Harish Kapadia and party trekked to areas accessible from the Indian side, gathering historic material, photographic people and places in this remote region.

2006: Reached the historic Yongyyap la on the McMahon line and trekked in the adjoining Dri valley.

2007: Visit to the Lohit valley, trek in the Dong valley and the look at the Burma Hump.

2009: The Yang Sang Chu valley, known as the holy Pemako was trekked till Pema Siri. Party reached Riwutala. Menchuka, a beautiful side valley from Along was visited in 2009.

2010: In a major exploration in the East Kameng valley Harish and party reached the head of the Kameng valley and obtained rare photos of Kangto, Chomo and Nyegi Kangsang.

2011: Trekked in the Lapti valley on border with Burma to Hoot pass.

Kangto Peak

2013: The Chaukan pass is a historic point from where a party of Second World War survivors escaped to India. Many perished and others were rescued by trained elephants. This pass on the border with Burma was visited only once after that rescue in 1942. Harish and companions reached the pass in January covering major difficulties, constructing bridges and walking in deep mud.

2013: Kechi Pass in upper Subansiri valley was visited.

2014 : Harish traveled to other Northeast states: Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram were visited. The main aim was to study and visit the sites of Second World War in these areas.

2015 : Bangajang monastery of border of Bhutan was visited. It has excellent views of the Kangto range and views on Bhutan. The trek was in beginning of winter months and hence very cold.

2016 :The Apatani Plateau in central Arunachal was visited. They trekked to Tale Valley and photographed several unknown peaks.

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Ladakh - Indira col

Standing on Indira Col. The northern-most point of India.


Ladakh has been visited by Harish many times since 1980. Areas on the Nubra, Shyok and Pangong Tso were trekked to in1980. In different trips few treks in the Rupshu area covered different lakes, valleys and the Tso Moriri lake. Lungser Kangri (6666 m) the highest peak of Rupshu was climbed (first ascent in 1995).

In a long traverse from Sarchu to Rusphu, several valleys were crossed and Pankpo la pass was crossed, Monto peaks explored. The area of Hanle, Chushul and Pangong Tso were visited in winter.

In 2015 he trekked to Kablas Lake from Bhadarwah (Southern Jammu & Kashmir).


Paro Dzong, Bhutan


A long traverse in Bhutan covered all the areas from west to east. Famous Dzongs (forts), monasteries and places were visited in a leisurely trip. From Paro in the west to border with Arunachal Pradesh were visited.





Tibet - Kailash

Kailash and Rakas Tal, Tibet.


Three long visits were made to the Tibetan plateau. The first trip was a trek from Simikot (Nepal) to border of Tibet. Crossing the border Kailash area was approached from the south via Taklakot. The second visit was from Lhasa across the Tibetan plateau to extreme west of the country via the Northern road. Visits were made to the areas of Rongbuk (Everest North base camp), Lhasa, Shigatse, Gyantse. Kailash, Manasarover. During the third trip apart from Kailash, Tirthapuri and rare areas of Tholing Math, Tsaparang and Guge were visited. In a long drive from the north, Shinquen (Ali) was reached and visit made to Rudok on the Aksai Chin road. Demchhok monastery on border with India was visited. These are very different areas apart from usual kora of Kailash and Manasarovar. Thus the Tibet was covered extensively by different routes.

Trekkers on Dhel Plateau,
    Sainj nala.


Based in Mumbai a new concept of smaller treks, quick visit to the Himalayan range and minimum equipment concept was developed. Taking advantage of fast and economic travels available many areas were trekked to in not more than 10 day trips, a pleasure like listening to Bagpipes in the hills. Small treks were made to: Chur dhar, in foothills of Shimla and offers a grand view of many surrounding ranges. Nag Tibba, Kedar Kantha, Budha Pinath, are small but attractive areas with a very different views and have different routes of approach.

Bharadsar lake on border of Garhwal and Himachal is a beautiful lake and it was traversed by Harish through a different and difficult route.

Jatropani, Chiltha ridge and Chanshil Ghati are some of the other short but enjoyable treks undertaken, each in different areas and offering different challenges and pleasures. In recent years few trips to simply read a book or listen to music on high Himalayan ground were done. Facing a wonderful view these activities take a different meaning. All these ‘Bagpipe Treks’ has allowed different kind pleasure in the lower ranges of the Himalaya.

Quite a few of the above explorations have not been repeated as yet while many have enjoyed treks and climbs in his footsteps. In some cases his explorations have led to opening of the area for climbers. Based on his writings climbers and trekkers have followed his footsteps to these unknown valleys.